Beet root (Beta vulgaris) is a plant belonging to the Amaranthaceae-Chenopodiaceae family. A great number of varieties of plant species exist but the most common are the red root the spinach beet and the sugar beet.
The cultivation of beets dates back to the Ancient world of Babylonia.
Beet root causes an increase in the body of healthy or HDL-cholesterol. A rise in HDL causes the atheroma within arteries to be removed and transported back to the liver for removal. Beets also cause an increase in the antioxidant activity in the liver and reduces total cholesterol levels.
The crimson colored pigment is the flavonoid, betacyanin. This gives beets their characteristic color and is believed to have anti-cancer activity.
Beet juice lowers high blood pressure and because of its iron content, helps frortify red blood cells