America is a nation addicted.
Certain drugs cause addictions.
Drugs are addictive because they bind to specific receptors in the brain.
Addiction is the result of the spatial similarities between native compounds and drugs.
Adderall for students, Provigil for savants, steroids for ballplayers, EPO for riders, and Viagra, Valium, and Opiods for everyone.
A nation addicted.
Pharmaceutical companies are dependent on physicians who believe in drugs and patients who are dependent on them.
In fact, the ability to prescribe drugs is what sets physicians and dentists apart from the rest of society
And one of the most marketed therapies to them and consumers is pain relief or analgesia.
Painkillers are the most commonly prescribed drug in America.
The spotlight is now on the National Football League (NFL).
They are under scrutiny by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) for distributing painkillers to players, illegally.
While this may come as a revelation to some, the practice has been going on for some time.
The investigation by the DEA was started based on evidence given by former players and the slew of complaints they had regarding the practices of team trainers and physicians.
The Drug Enforcement Administration’s probe began after NFL retirees filed a lawsuit accusing the league of illegally handing out painkillers, sleeping pills and other drugs without informing players of the risks of health problems and addiction.
Court papers reveal that team doctors and trainers distributed painkillers, sleeping pills and other drugs without warning players about the risks of addiction or the dangers of combining medications.
Jim McMahon, Chicago Bear quarterback, according to the lawsuit, became hooked on pain pills. He claims to have taken more than 100 Percocets a month, even in the off-season.
The drugs numb pain.
But they are addictive and tolerance to them develops. This means that greater doses are needed to produce the same effect.
It allowed hurt players to return to the field of battle but aggravated their injuries and created long-term health problems, the lawsuit claims.
The science is indisputable, the logic and mechanism of action, flawless.
The ease with which drugs can be acquired is a nationwide problem.
Opioids are one of the drugs.
Pharmaceutical companies use science as weapons in their therapeutic drug wars as to whose drugs is more effective,
This is demonstrated in the battle of statins, the miracle cholesterol-lowering drugs.
Each company recommends and manufactures mega-doses of these drugs in order to win the drug studies sweepstakes they participate in.
Physicians are trained to order tests and treat the results. They are economically squeezed by a managed care system that puts profits before people.
Doctors are forced to respond to lower fees by increasing efficiency.
Good efficiency translates into less time per patient. Hence the need for standardized treatment and impersonal relations.
Managed care companies also encourage doctors to prescribe generic drugs and lowers the co-pay amount that patients must pay. This all in an attempt to encourage generic drug use.
There is big incentive for managed care companies to want to pay for generic versions. This is not always in the patients best interests.
The marketing arm of drug companies has responded by targeting patients as if they were the consumers of tissue paper.
If the purpose for the regulation of drugs was to prevent consumers from making diagnosis and treatment decisions, why are so many advertisements targeted to them?
I frequently prescribed them even when I didn’t anticipate a need.
Patients expect them.
As a practitioner, I prescribed them frequently. Patients didn’t complain because they worked.
Drugs make treatment more predictable.
Humans easily succumb to various stimuli and live their life consumed with aquiring and enjoying them.
Nowhere is that more apparent than in overeaters and in users of prescription drugs.
To compound matters, the power and influence of seniors, baby-boomers and their lobbyists were marshaled to enact the biggest giveaway in the history of American legislation.
Along with the strong-arm tactics of the pharmaceutical industry, The Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 was the biggest overhaul of Medicare in its brief 40 odd year history
Besides the drug coverage it provides to seniors, the prescription drug bill that they succeed in ramming through Congress prohibits Medicare from negotiating discounts and lower prices for drugs and bars importing the less expensive but identical version of those drugs.
The Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 passage coincided with the re-election of George W. Bush who used our children’s money to buy the votes and approval of seniors.
The law created a universal prescription drug entitlement program, known as Medicare Part D. And according to U.S. comptroller general David Walker, this new entitlement will bankrupt the treasury in the not too distant future.
Generally recognized as safe (GRAS) is an FDA designation that a chemical or substance added to food is considered safe by experts and so is exempted from the usual Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act food additive tolerance requirements.
GRAS exemptions are granted for substances that are generally recognized, among experts as safe or already used prior to January 1, 1958,
The substance must be shown to be "generally recognized" as safe under the conditions of its intended use. The proponent of the exemption has the burden of proving that the use of the substance is "generally recognized" as safe.
When a use of a substance does not qualify for the GRAS exemption, that use of the substance is subject to the FDA approval process and can stop distribution of the foods containing it on the grounds that such foods contain unlawful food additives.
A GRAS designation is based on the manufacturer’s research and findings and there submission to the FDA for approval.
The approval are issued in one of three ways.
1. Self-affirmed. In this instance, the manufacturer performed all the necessary research, including the formation of an expert panel to review safety concerns, and is prepared to use these findings to defend its product's GRAS status.
2. FDA-pending. The manufacturer has performed all the aforementioned due diligence, and submitted to the FDA for GRAS approval.
3. No comment. The FDA has reviewed a product's GRAS claim and responded with "no comment"; i.e., no further challenges on the product's GRAS status.